MD in Ophthalmology: Click here to know about the course, duration, syllabus, eligibility criteria, entrance exam, top universities, career opportunities and more

Career Goals: After their MD Ophthalmology degree, individuals can work as Consultant, Ophthalmic Specialist, Medical officer, Professor/lecturer, Clinical Assistant, Medical consultant, Ophthalmology surgeon, ophthalmologist etc.

By- Akanksha Yadav

About the course:

MD in Ophthalmology is a 3-year-long postgraduate medical program which is focused on solving problems related to eyes. During MD ophthalmology, students learn about various concepts and processes related to eye diseases like glaucoma, iritis, eye trauma, orbital cellulite, tumours etc.  MD Ophthalmology course is certified by the Medical Council of India (MCI). This course is perfect for students who want to remit their services in solving all kinds of eye problems in the human body.

During the program, students learn about how to perform necessary eye surgeries or how to prescribe contact lenses or glasses. They also learn about the basics of ophthalmology and advanced topics such as Uvea and vitreoretinal diseases and the optical nervous system.

Currently, in India, there are various private/government colleges/institutes where MD Ophthalmology course is available. The fees in private colleges are usually higher than the government ones. The tuition fees for MD Ophthalmology can go from INR 5,000 to INR 10, 00,000 per annum.

The duration of MD Ophthalmology:

MD Ophthalmology course is a 3-year postgraduate course. During this course, students study various eye diseases, their diagnoses, treatments etc.

The eligibility criteria for MD Ophthalmology:

Students wanting to pursue an MD Ophthalmology course can check the eligibility criteria of the procedure below.

  • The student should have an MBBS degree from an institute/college recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) with a minimum of 55% marks.
  • Candidate should have completed his/her 1-year mandatory internship after completing his/her graduation.
  • The candidate should have qualified for NEET-PG or the required entrance examination.
  • Admission is usually based on merit in the entrance exam. It is given based on merit list on marks obtained in the entrance exam and counselling process.

Some colleges also offer direct admissions based on the candidate’s marks in his/her MBBS degree and his/her work experience.

Subjects in MD Ophthalmology:

During MD Ophthalmology, students study various subjects related to Ophthalmology. The list of ophthalmology subjects is given below.

  • Anatomy and physiology
  • Embryology and anatomy
  • Physiology of eye
  • The physiology of vision
  • The neurology of vision
  • Ophthalmic optics
  • Elementary optics
  • Elementary physiological
  • Optics reflection
  • Refractive errors of the eye
  • Ocular examination techniques and ocular therapeutics
  • Ocular symptomatology
  • Assessment of visual function
  • Examination of the anterior segment
  • Examination of the posterior part and orbit
  • Ocular therapeutics
  • Ocular microbiology
  • Diseases of the optic nerve
  • Intraocular tumours
  • Diseases of eye
  • Diseases of conjunctiva
  • Diseases of cornea
  • Diseases of sclera
  • Diseases of the uveal tract
  • The lens
  • Glaucoma’s
  • Diseases of retina
  • Diseases of vitreous
  • Disorders of motility
  • Anatomy and physiology of the motor mechanism
  • Comitant strabismus
  • Incomitant strabismus
  • Diseases of adnexa
  • Diseases of lids
  • Diseases of orbit
  • Diseases of lacrimal apparatus
  • Systemic ophthalmology
  • Diseases of the nervous system with ocular manifestations
  • Ocular manifestations of systemic disorders
  • Systemic drugs effects on eyes
  • Preventive ophthalmology
  • Genetic ophthalmology
  • The causes and prevention of blindness
  • Eye banking
  • Eye camps
  • Surgical instruments in ophthalmology
  • Local anaesthesia in ophthalmology
  • Lasers in ophthalmology

Famous entrance examinations for MD Ophthalmology:

Medical colleges take students through various entrance examinations. Some of the top entrance examinations are

  • NEET PG- The complete form of this exam is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Postgraduate). The National Board of Examinations conducts it.
  • AIIMS INI CET- The full form of this examination is the Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test. AIIMS, New Delhi conduct this exam. Through this examination, students get admissions in various PG courses like Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), Master of Dental Surgery (MDS), Doctorate of Medicine (DM)

Career opportunities after MD Ophthalmology:

After finishing the post-graduation degree in Ophthalmology, individuals can start their clinic and practice privately or join any hospital. They can expect a salary of INR 7, 00,000 to INR 30,00,000 per annum.

After their MD Ophthalmology degree, individuals can work as

  • Consultant
  • Ophthalmic Specialist
  • Medical officer
  • Professor/lecturer
  • Clinical Assistant
  • Medical consultant
  • Ophthalmology surgeon
  • ophthalmologist

After MD Ophthalmology, graduates can also go for super speciality or fellowship programs in various fields such as the cornea, retina, glaucoma, pediatric ophthalmology etc.


Some of the top MD Ophthalmology graduates’ recruiting organizations are

  • Apollo Hospitals
  • Fortis Medical Research Institute
  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences)
  • Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai
  • Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore
  • Sri Ganesh Vinayak Eye Hospital, Dehradun
  • V. Prasad eye institute, Hyderabad



Top institutes/colleges offering MD Ophthalmology:

MD Ophthalmology course is offered in various colleges in India. The top institutes/colleges are

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry
  • AIHS Bangalore
  • AKU Patna
  • BIMS Belgaum (Karnataka)
  • Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC), New Delhi
  • Grant Medical College (GMC), Mumbai
  • King’s George Medical College, Lucknow
  • Osmania Medical University (OMC), Hyderabad

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