MD in Obstetrics & Gynecology: Click here to know about the course, duration, syllabus, eligibility criteria, entrance exam, top universities, career opportunities and more

Career Goals: After their MD Obstetrics and Gynecology degree, individuals can work as Obstetricians/gynaecologists, Senior registrar, Lecturers, Clinical associates, Junior Consultants etc.

By- Akanksha Yadav

About the course:

The Doctor of Medicine (MD) course is a postgraduate medical degree for MBBS students who want to study and specialize in a particular field of medicine. The eligibility criteria for MD are an MBBS degree. After completing an MBBS degree, students can go for an MD program. MD in Obstetrics & Gynecology is a 3 years long postgraduate medical program which deals with two surgical medical specialities. One is Obstetrics and the second is gynaecology. These two are then combined into a single medical speciality and post-graduate training program.

MD Obstetrics & Gynecology course is certified by the Medical Council of India. This course is perfect for students who want to work as obstetricians/Gynecologists.

Currently, in India, there are various private/government colleges/institutes where MD Obstetrics & Gynecology course is available. The fees in private colleges are usually higher than the government ones. The tuition fees for MD Obstetrics & Gynecology can go from INR 42,000 to INR 12, 00,000 per annum. After course completion, graduates can earn a salary of INR 5 lakhs to 20 Lakhs per annum. Some students also go for higher studies after the completion of their MD degree.

The duration of MD Obstetrics & Gynecology:

An MD Obstetrics & Gynecology course is a 3-year-long post-graduate course in medicine. This program focuses on a comprehensive, advanced study of the entire clinical pathology associated with the female reproductive organs, and the provision of care to non-pregnant pregnant patients.

The eligibility criteria for MD Obstetrics & Gynecology:

Students wanting to pursue MD Obstetrics & Gynecology course can check the course eligibility criteria below.

  • The student should have an MBBS degree from an institute/college recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI).
  • He/she should have scored a minimum aggregate score of 50% in MBBS.
  • The student should have completed his/her 1-year mandatory internship after completing his/her graduation.
  • The student should have qualified for NEET-PG or the required entrance examination.
  • Admission is usually based on merit in the entrance exam. It is given based on a merit list which is based on marks obtained in the entrance exam and counselling process.

Subjects in MD Obstetrics & Gynecology:

During MD Obstetrics & Gynecology, students study various subjects related to Obstetrics and Gynecology field. The list of the issues is given below for both areas.

Obstetrics (Theory):

  • Gametogenesis fertilization, implantation and early development of an embryo
  • Normal labour
  • Anatomical and physiological changes in the female genital tract during pregnancy
  • Pharmacology of drugs used during pregnancy, labour, and the postpartum period
  • Development of placenta
  • Amniotic fluid
  • Anatomy of the fetus, fetal growth and development, fetal physiology and circulation
  • Puerperium-normal
  • Malpresentation and malposition of labour
  • CPD and its management
  • Complications of 3rd stage of labour
  • Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy
  • Antepartum haemorrhage
  • PROM, Poly hydramnios, Oligo hydramnios
  • Obstetrical Hemorrhage
  • Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
  • Antepartum and intrapartum fetal monitoring
  • Emergency obstetric care


  • Normal and abnormal microbiology of the genital tract and bacterial, viral and parasitic infections responsible
  • For maternal fetal and gyne disorders
  • Endocrinology related to reproduction
  • Physiology of menstruation, ovulation, fertilization and menopause
  • Methods of contraception
  • Fibroid uterus
  • Colposcopy and vaginal and cervical cytology
  • Endometrial hyperphasia, DUB, Abnormal bleeding
  • Endometriosis, adenomyosis
  • Endocrine abnormalities, menstrual abnormalities, PCOD
  • Ca Cervix
  • Ca endometrium
  • Carcinoma ovary
  • Menopause
  • Genital fistulae/urinary incontinence
  • Infertility etc


  • Obstetrics
  • Gynaecology
  • Family planning

Famous entrance examinations for MD Obstetrics & Gynecology:

Students who want to become Obstetricians/Gynecologists must qualify for the entrance examinations. Medical colleges take students through entrance examinations in their MD Obstetrics & Gynecology programs. Some of the top entrance examinations are

  • NEET PG- The full form of this exam is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Postgraduate). It is conducted by the National Board of Examinations.
  • AIIMS INI CET- The complete form of this examination is the Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test. This exam is conducted by AIIMS, New Delhi. Through this examination, students get admissions in various PG courses like Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), Master of Dental Surgery (MDS), Doctorate of Medicine (DM)

Skills required to be an MD Obstetrics & Gynecology specialist:

Here is a list of skills which are needed to be an MD Obstetrics & Gynecology specialist.

  • Decision making
  • Good Analytical skills
  • Critical thinker
  • Diagnostic investigation and procedures
  • Good communication abilities
  • Good time management skills
  • Good management and leadership skills

Career opportunities after MD Obstetrics & Gynecology:

After finishing the post-graduation degree in Obstetrics & Gynecology, individuals can start their clinic and practice privately or join any hospital. They can expect a salary of INR 4, 00,000 to INR 20, 00,000 per annum.

After their MD Obstetrics and Gynecology degree, individuals can work as

  • Obstetrician/gynaecologist
  • Senior registrar
  • Lecturer
  • Clinical associate
  • Junior Consultant
  • Senior resident
  • Consultant
  • General Physician

MD Obstetrics and Gynecology graduates can work in the following sectors after completing their degree.

  • Colleges/universities
  • Medical colleges
  • Government and private hospitals
  • Content writer (medical)
  • Nursing homes

Top Indian institutes/colleges offering MD Obstetrics & Gynecology:

An MD Obstetrics & Gynecology course is offered in various colleges in India. The top institutes/colleges are

  • CMC Christian Medical College
  • KMC Mangalore
  • Johns medical college
  • AIIMS Delhi
  • DAV Chandigarh
  • Lady Hardinge Medical college, Delhi
  • JIPMER, Pondicherry
  • KMC Manipal
  • MS Ramaiah medical college
  • Armed forces medical college
  • KPC Medical college and hospital
  • Maulana Azad medical college
  • Hamdard institute of medical science and research

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